Mestre DINHO      Mestre RUDSON


                        Professor HOMEM PEDRA

History of Capoeira

Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art original from Brazil, born during the Portuguese colony. The African slaves were brought to the colonized lands to work in the Sugar cane under very bad conditions. Under the oppression, they created a way to prepare themselves physically, hidding in moves that resembled traditional dances and religious practices in order to avoid repression during their preparation.
The practice of capoeira was strongly punished until the year 1932, when Mestre Bimba brought this Art out of the streets into the academy and introduced the discipline and respect of oriental martial arts, causing a great impression on president Getulho Vargas, who declared the capoeira as a national sport and abolishing any type of repression against this activity.
Capoeira combines a mixture of dynamic dance-like moves (ginga) combined with kicks and punches that flow rhythmically into what is called the “Jogo” or ”the game” which can be compare with the combat of other martial arts, with the difference that in capoeira, there is not a winner or a loser in the combat, but a real expression of training and ability while having fun and learning from the opponent experience as well. Along with the standing fighting movements, capoeira also implements floor fighting styles such as Jiujitsu to enrich the self defense experience of the athlete. It also make use of acrobatic move, allowing a more creative way of movement.
Besides the physical development, Capoeira, provides a cultural background, developing musical skills with various instruments, as well as learning the Portuguese language while singing traditional songs that form a very important part of capoeira.
Grupo Topazio
The International Group of Capoeira Topazio was born in the City of Salvador, Bahia in Brazil on March 29 1988. Founded by Raimundo Dos Santos (Mestre Dinho), who dedicated his life to teach and develop a stronger and technical capoeira implementing techniques from other martial arts such as Box, valetudo, judo and jiu-jitsu. Among his Ideals, is to promote a healthy life style based on exercise and abstinence from addictions, drugs, alcohol and tobacco. His work has spread all around the world and there are Professors teaching his doctrine in many countries such as United Kingdom, Portugal, Argentina, Holland, Swiss, USA, Spain, Mexico, Germany, Australia, Italy, France, and many more other countries. There are no official records, but it is estimated that thousands capoeiristas dress the Topazio Shirt.

Meste Dinho has tried to continue the work of Mestre Bimba, who in the '30s, when foreign martial arts have settled in the country, has introduced new movements in capoeira, which culminated in the creation of the "Luta Regional Bahiana", now known as "Capoeira Regional"
Mestre Dinho Believes that capoeira can evolve even more, without losing its roots and foundations. According to him, every art has something to offer to the other, and Capoeira, without prejudice, can relay on the experience and efectiveness from other martial arts to become a more effective and yet unique martial Art.
The characteristic that make capoeria so different from other martial arts, is probably the diversity of styles practiced within capoeira, sometime interpreted as a lack of stability, but which provide each group with its own identity. The style of Grupo Topazio can easily be recognized anywhere in the world because is has a unique style whch is developed by all members of the group from the moment they are introduced to capoeira.
The Group Topazio has been maintained united because all members share the same philosophy and the same objective about capoeira: to grow and expand the art of capoeira to gain more recognition through out the world. Come and be part of this Topazio United Kingdom family!
Mestre Dinho
Mestre Rudson
Professor HomemPedra