BRAZILIAN MARTIAL ARTS
Mestre DINHO  *  Mestre RUDSON  *  Contra Mestre HOMEM PEDRA

CAPOEIRA TOPAZIO
LONDON   

                        Professor HOMEM PEDRA

HISTORY 

History of Capoeira

Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art developed in Brazil, under Portuguese colonisation. The African slaves were brought to the colonised lands to work the land under very bad conditions. Under oppression, they created a way to strengthen themselves physically, hiding martial arts moves in ways that resembled traditional dances and religious practices in order to avoid repression during their preparation.
The practice of capoeira was strongly punished until 1932, when Mestre Bimba brought the art out of the streets and into the academy. He introduced the discipline and respect of oriental martial arts, causing a great impression on president Getulho Vargas, who declared capoeira a national sport and abolished any type of repression against this activity.
Capoeira combines a mixture of dynamic dance-like moves (ginga) combined with kicks and punches that flow rhythmically into what is called the “Jogo” or ”the game” which can be compared with the combat of other martial arts. The difference is that in capoeira, there is not a winner or a loser in the combat, but a real expression of training and ability while having fun and learning from the opponent's experience as well. Along with the standing fighting movements, capoeira also implements floor fighting styles such as Jiujitsu to enrich the self defense experience of the athlete. It also make use of acrobatic moves, allowing a more creative way of movement.
 
Besides physical development, Capoeira is a cultural experience - practitioners develop musical skills with various instruments and learn the Portuguese language while singing traditional songs that form a very important part of capoeira.

Grupo Topazio

The International Group of Capoeira Topazio was born in the City of Salvador, Bahia in Brazil on March 29 1988. It was founded by Raimundo Dos Santos (Mestre Dinho), who has dedicated his life to teaching and developing a stronger and technical capoeira implementing techniques from other martial arts such as Box, Valetudo, Judo and Jiu-jitsu. He promotes a healthy lifestyle based on exercise and abstinence from addictive substances like drugs, alcohol and tobacco. His work has spread all around the world and there are Professors teaching his doctrine in many countries such as United Kingdom, Portugal, Argentina, Holland, Swiss, USA, Spain, Mexico, Germany, Australia, Italy, France, and many more other countries. There are no official records, but it is estimated that thousands of capoeiristas wear the Topazio Shirt.

Meste Dinho has tried to continue the work of Mestre Bimba, who in the '30s, when foreign martial arts settled in the country, introduced new movements in capoeira, which culminated in the creation of the "Luta Regional Bahiana", now known as "Capoeira Regional".
 
Mestre Dinho believes that capoeira can evolve even more, without losing its roots and foundations. According to him, every art has something to offer to the other, and Capoeira, without prejudice, can rely on the experience and effectiveness from other martial arts to become a more effective and yet unique martial art.
 
The characteristics that make capoeira so different from other martial arts, is probably the diversity of styles practiced within capoeira - sometimes interpreted as a lack of stability, but which provides each group with its own identity. The style of Grupo Topazio can easily be recognized anywhere in the world because is has a unique style which is developed by all members of the group from the moment they are introduced to capoeira.
The Group Topazio has stayed united because all members share the same philosophy and the same objective about capoeira: to grow and expand the art of capoeira to gain more recognition through out the world. 
 
Come and be part of the Topazio United Kingdom family!
Mestre Dinho
Mestre Rudson
Contra Mestre HomemPedra